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Astrocaryum vulgare

Tucuma Palm

A moderately sized, weakly clustering or rarely solitary species from the northeastern Amazon region, producing an upright crown of strongly pumose leaves and a robust trunk to 20cm (8") in diam., fiercely armed with thick black spines to an unbelievable 22cm (9") long, so not for the squeamish. Requires tropical or warm subtropical conditions. Limited quantity available only.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are difficult to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
The seeds take about 3 months to sprout. The best way is to brake the shell. After removing the shell, they were planted in a mixture of garden soil and sand-loam, watered every day and kept in average temperatures between 26-30° C with high humidity. Once the germination process starts it is a fast growing palm.
Submitted on 01/04/2010 by Jan VERBEECK

... are difficult to germinate and need more than 1 year to sprout.
I bought fresh "awarra" fruit on the market in Amsterdam (they fly them over from Suriname) and ate the fruit. I cleaned the seeds and soaked them for about 2weeks in warm water and then put them on their germinating medium at about 25-30 C. More than 1 year later still nothing. So I decided to try some exposure to boiling water and after that saw a littlebit into the seed coating and put tthem back on their medium. 2 weeks later the first seed starts showing signs of germination. These seeds need some extra torture before they start germinating. In the wild the fruits are eaten by tapirs, so the seeds are exposed to their stomach acid, they only seem to germinate after that.
Submitted on 27/12/2007 by Kai fishyboy2@hotmail.com

... are very difficult to germinate.
Got fresh "awarra" fruit from the market in februari. They are imported from Suriname to Amsterdam in that period (right after the small rainy season). I ate the fruits, wich is quite tasty and was left with maybe 40 seeds. I've planted them all in plastic bags with slightly moist germinating soil but so far (end of june) nothing. I understand that these seeds might take years to germinate, but soon I will try cracking the seeds wich might speed up the process.
Submitted on 22/06/2007 by Kai Kuné fishyboy2@hotmail.com

...very difficult to germinate and need more than 1 year to sprout.
This one surely teaches us a good lesson on never giving up on certain palm seeds...10 Seeds received from RPS in May 2002, 4 just started sprouting as of the 23rd August 2004!
Submitted on 23/08/104 by Orlando Amorim orsaf@netcabo.pt

...very difficult to germinate and need more than 1 year to sprout.
Fresh seeds collected in Manaus, Brazil in March of 2002 and planted promptly upon return still have not sprouted as of 5/7/03. I know another plant collector who has tried several times to sprout seeds, so far without success.
Submitted on 07/05/2003 by Stephen Brady stephensbrady@aol.com

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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