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Cocos nucifera

Coconut Palm

Probably the most well known and most popular of all palms, the coconut palm hardly needs an introduction. It is believed to originate in the Southwest Pacific and Malesian region but of course is cultivated everywhere in the tropics today as an important agricultural crop and the ultimate palm for coastal areas: No other palm will withstand as much wind and saltspray, but it is essentially a tropical plant that will not survive much frost or prolonged cool. There are a good number of cultivars, from compact dwarf forms with short stems to tall, towering ones with their crowns high up in the sky. Germination of unhusked nuts is fairly easy but slow. If you live in the tropics, plant the nut sideways in its permanent position in the ground so that just less than half of it is still showing. Keep well watered. In a pot, plant the same way, cover with a clear plastic bag and keep moist, in a warm place out of the sun. Young coconuts need a place in full sun to develop well once the first leaves appear.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are average to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Bought dehusked coconut from martsoak them in luke warm water for about 2 to 3 days and then place it on a warm humid placeI use fish tank heater to provide tropical climate
Submitted on 05/01/2013 by one of our visitors

... are easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Cocos nucifera was not difficult to germinate.... First I soaked the seed for 18 days in tap water, with a temperature of about 24 degrees celcius (75f), changing the water about every other day. I decided to soak for a long period since so many coconuts wash up on the beach and germinate. I then planted the coconut in a perlite, moss mixture in my shade house, (avoid keeping it exposed in direct sun) with day time temps in the upper 20s low 30s (75-85f) and night time between 15-18c, (59-64f) germination occured 3 weeks after sowing seed out of water (total time 39 days)...was very easy
Submitted on 16/06/2012 by Alex

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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