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Dalbergia nigra - EU only

Bahia Rosewood

A medium-sized to large tree with pinnate foliage and white, scented flowers, native to the Atlantic Coastal Forest in eastern Brazil. Its very attractive, hard, heavy and very colorful, red to purplish brown wood is highly prized for musical instruments, especially guitars. The tree also makes a reasonable ornamental for the tropics. Due to international trade restrictions under CITES, the wood needs paperwork to be traded internationally. We can not ship seeds to destinations outside of the European Union.

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germination comments by our visitors
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Seeds from this species ...

... are easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Keep seeds consistently moist but not soaked in a medium that allows for good transfer of moisture to the seed. Best germination % occurs at around 85 degrees Fahrenheit, and seeds should start to germinate in only about 8 days. A seed starter kit (perforated foam squares inside a plastic tray) works very well with a heating pad underneath if the ambient temp is below 85 degrees. Seeds do not need sunlight to germinate and will germinate indoors. 3 or 4% hydrogen peroxide spray may be used to control mold or fungus on seeds if it develops, and does not harm seedlings. Advanced optional technique: One good technique is placing the seeds vertically in a germination medium with the top of the seed just visible on the surface. The smallest curve of the cashew shaped seed contains the radicle of the seed (the part that grows down and becomes the roots). Place seed vertically in the medium so that the smallest (most intensely curved node) side of the seed is on top with the fatter side of the seed on the bottom - the radicle will be pointing down when it emerges from the small node and will grow directly down into the germination medium rather than having to curve upside down or sideways. The rest of the seed with then flip up out of the medium with the seed coat covering it on top like a hat, and it will open by itself in the next few days. Do not attempt to "help the seed" by removing the seed coat or you risk damaging the very fragile seedling. Scarification also optional:Before planting, seed coats can be scarified (perforated or nicked) using a small knife or fingernail clippers, but stay away from the smallest node that contains the radicle, or you risk killing the seed. The best place to scarify the seed is by shaving off a small sliver on the edge of the seed on the fat end. This should be facing down when you place the seed in the medium. Scarification may slightly decrease germination time, but is by no means necessary. Do not expose the seed to hot water to soften the seed coat as may be done with other seeds - it will kill the seed.During the germination period, viable seeds will be firm to the touch once imbibed with water. Seeds that are soft or squirt out water when squeezed gently between two fingers are not viable and should be discarded immediately or they will begin to grow mold and contaminate the other seeds.Seedlings will be very fragile the first few days and some may die for unexplained reasons. They grow slowly. Germination rate may be as high as 90% with new seeds, but gradually decreases and significantly decreases after 6 mos.
Submitted on 11/07/2012 by John Kennon Shea

... are average to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I germinated 10 seeds using a heat mat set at 30c - 32c constant. After researching D. Nigra germination I used a shady room, as light levels have much less influence on success percentage as temperature and humidity. There was no pre-soaking of seeds.Individual seeds were placed in resealable freezer bags. I used approximately one and a half peat pellets mixed with 3 table spoons of Vermiculite per bag. The amount of water used was enough to moisten the mixture but not so much that water drips if squeezed. (don't squeeze though!) I used boiled water cooled down to lukewarm. Seeds were placed in the mixture half submerged.The first seeds sprouted within a week and the last one to sprout was 3-4 weeks in.9 of 10 seeds successfully sprouted. Watch out for mould - I'll be quicker getting them out of the bags after sprouting (for my second attempt), as the healthiest specimens that remain are the ones that were potted promptly after producing recognizable leaves.
Submitted on 07/09/2012 by one of our visitors

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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