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A large, densely clustering bamboo with dark green, usually solid culms to 15 m (50 ft.) tall and to 8 cm (3 in.) in diameter but mostly thinner. The leaves can reach a length of 25 cm (10 in.). It is widely distributed in dry deciduous forests at some altitude from the Indian Ocean to India and eastern Asia. It is suited to cultivation in tropical and warm temperate climates in USDA zone 11. It is popular in India and elsewhere for its culms, which are used as building material, for furniture and handicrafts, and as a source of pulp.