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Jubaeopsis caffra

Pondoland Palm

This much talked about but rare South African palm will thrive in warm temperate as well as tropical climates. Related to Jubaea and Butia, it is a suckering coconut look-alike, grows to about 20 feet tall and is suitable for sun and also partial shade. Seeds take their time to sprout but eventually produce a long 'sinker' and should be planted in deep pots in a very well drained mix as soon as they have germinated. Jubaeopsis seeds are rarely collected as the palm is very rare in cultivation and, in the wild, grows on only two very remote sites.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Soaked for 3 days, all were floaters but dropped on the 2nd day. Used baggy method, peat moss and perlite, heat approx 24 c. All 10 seeds germinated in under 2 weeks.
Submitted on 19/10/2013 by Peter G

... are easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Received very fresh seeds (fragrant!), soaked in warm water for one week (daily water changes). Did not scarify seeds. Seeds planted in well-drained potting mix in deep pots (to accommodate sinkers) with mild bottom heat. Germination began 25-30 days after planting, continued over next two months (70% germination). First leaves appeared three months after planting - after five months, first leaves still appearing from seedlings that germinated over two months ago.
Submitted on 11/02/2009 by Eric Ulaszek

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Soaked for 1 week in warm water at 30C changing daily. Placed seeds in heated unit 25-35C with squeezed sphagnum. Two weeks later, surprise! 50% have their first radicle. I expected these seeds to languish for a long time but they are capable of rapid and fairly uniform germination.
Submitted on 09/08/2007 by Scott Cumberland scott.cumberland@visionstream.com.au

... are easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
5 day soak, then sewn in peat/pearlite mix covered with moist sphagnum moss in a closed container. Kept at room temperature (68-85F) with day/night cycle. 70% germination and 3" of root development at 5 weeks. Likely germinated in >4 weeks.
Submitted on 21/05/2006 by one of our visitors

...not rated.
very easy to sprout, Soaked in clean water for 3 days, planted in mix of soil and compost and planted in long bags, out of tien 3, in 10 weeks, rest all have roots,
Submitted on 20/03/2005 by Hedy van Winkelhof hedy@iwayafrica.com

...very difficult to germinate and need more than 1 year to sprout.
None have germinated, six have sence rotted away, and two are still in spagnum moss. Two I have recently placed in a container filled with water, covered and placed in the sun. As hopes fade of any germinating, as a last resort I will keep the two in water checking daily, changing water daily, and hoping something will happen.Two years have passed sence aquiring the seeds.
Submitted on 06/12/2002 by Mike Jamison wendymike@optusnet.com.au

...difficult to germinate and need up to 1 year to sprout.
I have listed these seeds as difficult and lenthly to germinate if you follow standard germination procedures. However they are easy and quick with the following method.Allow the seeds to dry out in the sun after you have removed the fruit(if you have found fresh seed) or after recieving them via mail. Leave them out for 2 weeks to bake keeping them dry. Soak seeds in warm water for a week. Adding a bit of bleach to the water is also advisable, use a 1 (bleach):10 (water) ratio. Remove the seeds and place them in your tray, pots ect. keep the temp around 30c, no day/night fluctuations are needed. After 3 weeks remove any ungerminated seeds and soak them again for a week in warm water. The rest of the seeds should germinate within a month.The same method works well for Jubaea chiliensis seeds where the endosperm has dried up and is loose in the nut.
Submitted by Dennis Lutge dlutge@edgars.co.za

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Responds to warm conditions.
Submitted by Jeff Nugent permaculture@telstra.easymail.com.au

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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