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Nypa fruticans

Nypa Palm, Mangrove Palm

A bizarre species found, in the wild, where river meets sea, in many tropical countries. It develops an underground (or at least, under-mud) trunk which grows horizontally and produces tall feather shaped leaves (up to 30 feet long!) which line many a tropical shore to considerable depth. It can be induced to grow inland, as long as a suitably hot, wet and humid site can be found. The large seeds are carried in a cluster the size of a football, and germinate quickly, sometimes while still on the parent plant. Perfect pondside palm for the tropical hot house.

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germination comments by our visitors
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Seeds from this species ...

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Nipa palm is one of the oldest angiosperm plants and probably the oldest palm species. Its optimum climate is subhumid to humid. The optimum salt concentration is 1-9 per mil. Average minimum temperature: 20 deg. C; Average maximum temperature: 32-35 deg. C. Nypa palm must have swamp soils, muddy and rich in alluvial silt, clay and humus for germinate; they must have a high content of various inorganic salts, calcium, and sulphides of iron and manganese. The pH must be around 5. Natural stands of nipa palm are usually dense. Nypa palm seeds are easy to germinate
Submitted on 12/09/2005 by Avram Sorina asorina@home.ro

...easy to germinate.
Purchased 16 seeds that had already sprouted. Potted them in 1g pots and placed them in a container about 5 inches high. They survived outside at 34 degrees F during the winter in Florida. I have just stepped them up into 3g pots and placed them in similar containers. The water level is about half way up the 3g pot. The water is from my well. 1620 TDS. The water gets quite nasty, covered with algae etc. Stinks pretty bad. However, they seem to like it!
Submitted on 06/08/2004 by Okie okie@foxtail-palms.com

...difficult to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I have tried this palm several times, and I cannot get the seedlings to survive, despite having sprouted seed. I tried growing them in a brackish environment along with Rhizophora mangle. I suspect if they use the same salt exclusion method as R. mangle, the lack of success was due to an imbalance in the magnesium levels. I'll try again next time with fresh water.
Submitted on 23/12/2002 by Van vandringar@hotmail.com

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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