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Syagrus romanzoffiana

Queen Palm

With its stout trunk and elegant crown of plumose leaves, the Queen Palm is a common and familiar sight in streets, gardens and parks in milder climates around the world. Its ready availability, fast growth and subsequent low price make it a popular choice for growers to the exclusion of perhaps less common but more interesting contenders. Together with Phoenix and Washingtonia it is certainly the most-used street palm in the world.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are difficult to germinate and need up to 1 year to sprout.
i've found queen palm seeds harder to germinate than what i read. Soaked the seeds for 4 days then put them in a warm airing cupboard 25-30C. After 6 months only 3 seeds have managed to germinate. The other 97 seeds,i'm still waiting for. Seeds were of a good quality.
Submitted on 31/08/2008 by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
It took only two weeks to spout.In Japan, we were the middle of winter. Then seeds were in low temperature for some time during transpotation, then these were moved to 30 C-degree. It may bring some effects on this fast action.
Submitted on 22/02/2005 by Yoshida Masami je9vst@yahoo.co.jp

...very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I have several of these palms in my house and each year, I collect some 100 seeds, let them dry at the sun. Once the fruit is totally gone by drying, I plant the seed directly into plastic bags of 15x15x15 cm filled with soil from my local supplier. I leave the bags outside in in the shade of their mother palms. The seeds should be covered with only about 1 or 2 cm of soil and I water them once or twice a week, depending on the climate. Some 50 grow their first leaf in 3 or 4 months. I live in Guadalajara, Mexico, and have a year round climate of about 23ºC to 29ºC. I commonly have 75% success rate with these palms, they all become nice adults and they survive underwatering and both cold and hot climates.If you care for them nicely, the grow very fast and strong.
Submitted on 06/01/2005 by Xavier Iturbide xavieriturbide@yahoo.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Queen Palm - Planted them in an inch of soil in the greenhouse, 50 of them in June 2004 so far 28 have sprouted others nothing yet although have been told to give them up to 12 months....., sprouts are now nearly 3 inches in height...
Submitted on 30/12/2004 by Andrew Strickland andrew@alliancemalta.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Hi this quinn palm is easy to germinate two ways one is in a green house with heat up to 96F I paced a layer of soil then spread about 3500 seeds then covere them with a thin layer of soil just covering the seed then just kept on watering every other day to keep them moist and humid with the heat and water, then in three months I began seing white roots then at the 4th month it looked like a green field of grass full of palm trees and it was hard to re-plant them all but a beautiful experiance.
Submitted on 29/03/2004 by Felipe Martinez flip4lulu@aol.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
there is quite a bit of variation in the appearance of the queens in the houston area so i picked fresh fruit from the 2 types i like..the tall, thin one that looks like a coconut palm and the heavy robust one with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. cleaned the seeds and put in a pan of water and added yeast to finish the cleaning and get off the inhibitors. left in the pan for about a week.the yeast does a good job of digesting the fruit. finished getting off the "hair". planted in conetainers in 50/50 peat and vermiculite and they germinated in about 90 days. they were planted in september, which has temps from 70 to 95 F here in houston. had nearly 100% germination. now have in 1 gallon pots and they are about 10 inches tall, since it is cooler now. will plant in the area in the spring. queens tolerate cold better than the charts indicate..houston is full of mature trees and it gets to about 20 degrees F here every 10 years or so.
Submitted on 13/01/2004 by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
I found these seeds easy to sprout, being new to palms. I had trouble with a few others I had tried other vars, but these where a champ.I had fresh seed, and was able to enjoy cutting and peeling away the fiberous flesh. Though have heard, that is not needed with these. I put in ziplock bags, 50 to a bag. The rest I buried in the ground in Sept.The ones in the ziplocks, in the house, in peat potting soil, started sprouting in 5 months, at cool room temperature; wasn't interested in pushing them, winter outside. The ones buried out side started coming up in July the following season. The ones in the ground sprouted almost all at once, in a months time, but the ones in the house in Ziplock, sproted more slowly over a 6 month period; a lot easier to handle, I have almost 800 growing now. Except not sure what to do with them, but it was fun at the time.I have found them very easy to transplant. They are almost imposible to kill, if taken care of. I found some loss to too hot of small pots during the hot summer. I can see the need for partial shade, a tree or a shade shed until at least in a 1 gallon pot, or in the ground. I found loss too, adding perlite to potting soil, on small containers, but find it a vital in 1 gallon size pots and bigger.I have tried to transplant common volinteer fan palms in the area, and they seem to always die. And have tried some other palms seed of larger size and these see so nice for a beginner, I give them a A plus rating.
Submitted on 04/09/2002 by David L Johnson DavidLJ48@cs.com

...difficult to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I put the seeds in a big pot ,make a plastik about it and let it standing in the sun.The first palms comming in 3 month,the last after 2 years.I living in Portugal.
Submitted by Dietfid Kranich D.Kranich@web.de

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 year to sprout.
In Corrientes the lay polyietilene on a long and narrow piece of land, scattter seeds on it and cover them with soil. They are not watered cause it rains frequently. This way trasplantation is easy cause roots are not disturbed at all.
Submitted by elsa davicini reparg2001@yahoo.com

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

Grown in China in Hong Kong.
We grew Sygarus romanzoffiana in the African mistbelt at high altitude where no palms grow naturally. They did very well despite very dry winters with heavy frosts, sometimes sleet. Cold clear sunny days almost continuously in winter with icy winds from the mountains where snow is a fixed feature. temperatures ranged from 24%C to 3%C in winter, night and days temps were dramatic usually nights half of day temps and more the whole year. Winter rainfall is poor with an average of 3mm for at least two to three months. The trick is to find a place where the frost wont settle for example a spot with good air flow. This can be a matter of one meter away from a heavily frosted corner of the planting area. Just as long as the frost doesn't come into contact so avoiding burning the young seedlings. Our summer days were warm to hot with much mist in the mornings and generally good rainfall increasing gradually from winters low climaxing in December to 160 mm average. There remained a rapid decrease in temp between day and night of up to half and more same as in winter. The palms were of a very robust nature growing with vigour on deep acid sometimes clay underlying soils gaining a character and height very reminiscent to Roystonia in warmer lower altitude climates. No fertiliser was ever used and only very patchy watering at time of planting there after none. The palms varied in age from twenty year old mature palms to year olds. Seedling relocation from beneath parent palms was generally not successful, easier to bury handfuls of seed in situ for 100% rate of certainty. Germination was generally in Summer with the height of rainfall. I live in the wet sub tropics of Asia now and notice romanzoffia here is always a spindly thin palm with an unimpressive head. This is certainly growing conditions not variants of the species though the difference between a well grown romanzoffiana and poorly suited grown one is remarkable it took me a few years to realise I was actually looking at Syagrus romanzoffiana. Although it can grow almost anywhere and as such often neglected a well grown one with suitable climate and rainfall is very robust with a beautiful thick crown of incredibly dark wide long glossy green drooping plumose leaves that play in even a light breeze.
Submitted on 11/12/2011 by Avrom Goldberg

... are of excellent ornamental value
In Adelaide in Australia they need very little care and grow fast.
In Adelaide, South Australia these are pretty much foolproof. They love heat and will handle 2 or 3 degress of frost after the first year or so. I've found that they will survive with almost no attention and will thrive in a warm spot with lots of water. I have some at work that I planted in 92 and they are about 30 feet (10 metres) tall and fruiting regularly. They haven't been fed since planting but are mulched well and watered about weekly when it's dry. I think water is the main key to fast growth but a feed now and then would certainly help.
Submitted on 29/09/2009 by Saftag

... are of excellent ornamental value
In Stockton CA in USA they need little care and grow fast.
I have 3 big queen palm growing outside, it is six year old, it have been growing for 8 year, it is about 9 feet tall, it used a normal dirt and add fertilizer making it a fast grower, it has taken some damage from 2006 cold winter in the spring it got back to normal, and grows in the sun, love heats and grows by seed.
Submitted on 03/12/2007 by one of our visitors

... are of excellent ornamental value
In california in US they need average care and grow fast.
The queen palm is a fast grower and likes hot weather. Here in Central California (zone 10a/9b) they are planted everywhere. They do tolerate some degree of frost. Our winters are mild ocasionally falling below 32 degrees farenheight. This past January we had a severe freeze with temperatures suddently plumeting to the low 20s and with two consecuative nights at 18 degrees! I had two newly planted queen palms, one of which didnt survive. the other got badly burned. a neighbor's queen palms, which were planted about two years before mine, were also severely burned. another neighbor has one planted in a northwest facing corner and that one seemed to fare the cold weather better than the ones out in the open. The older palms around this area seemed fine, with only the tips of the leaves burned.
Submitted on 05/03/2007 by one of our visitors

... are of excellent ornamental value
In north eastern Florida in USA they need little care and grow fast.
These plams are very easy to care for. They need regular fertilization (palm specific), and a good amount of water. Fast growing and fun for kids because they see quick results. i have several of these, and find them to be very hardy. I live in North Florida on the east coast, and I have only had one of them damaged by cold. The spear leaf pulled out, but I didn't give up. This tree is now about 4 years old and 15 feet tall. Most beautiful when planted in groupings.
Submitted on 16/01/2007 by Wendi Wendisplantation@yahoo.com

win € 75 worth of seeds
by writing a plant cultivation comment about how to cultivate the plants of this species. Click here!

If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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