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Trachycarpus martianus (Khasia Hills Form)

Khasia Hills fan Palm

n our personal view, the form of T. martianus from the Khasia Hills, once known as Trachycarpus khasianus, is the most elegant species in the genus. Its slender, bare trunk supports a full but open crown of elegantly arching, very regular and much segmented, large fan leaves. It is quite fast and easy growing. Well suited to subtropical as well as temperate climates it will tolerate moderate frosts (for a close-up see "Principes" Vol. 38:2).

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germination comments by our visitors
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Seeds from this species ...

...easy to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
I started with 10 seeds by soaking in tap water for 2 days at room temp. I then put the seeds in baggies w/ moist cactus mixture. The seeds took a couple of months to start germinating, and each seed has germinated one by one weeks apart from each other. After nine months, about 7 of the 10 seeds have germinated. See the comments by Jody Dziuba below- I also nearly lost several seeds because I removed them from the baggie too soon. With these Trachy. seeds, my experiance is that they seem to send up a strong leaf shoot before the roots have much development. (All the other palms and cycads I have tried send out a strong root prior to any leaf growth.) Consequently, if I transplant them too quickly, even with a healthy leaf shoot, the roots are inadequate and the leaf + seed die. So lately I have been leaving the seedlings in the sealed baggie for some weeks after germination to allow the roots to catch up with the leaf shoot. Has anyone else had this experience?
Submitted on 22/10/2004 by Will willgillis@aol.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I found Khasia hills very easy to germinate. soaked seed for three days changing water each day. removed pericarp, and soaked in 10% solution of bleach and water for 10 minutes. I placed them in lightly damp vermiculite and sealed them in plastic bags. kept them where the temp. remains between 25-30 C. near 90% germination in two weeks
Submitted on 02/08/2004 by Patrick Jacklin prjacklin@telus.net

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Very easy to germinate, but be careful about fungs. Requires sterile perlite based substrate and very slight moisture. First seeds sprouted in 9 days, the rest continued sprouting up to 2 months. I achieved about 80percent germination rate at room temperature between 20 - 23 deg C. Plant the seedlings into seprate pots immediately after germination. They dont like changing position -(vertical vs horizontal).
Submitted on 17/04/2004 by Marian Kubes maros@ltc.sk

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Got Fresh Seeds, I ordered them within 5 minutes of seeing them on the website, and it seemed to pay off. I ordered about 200 and got about 90 % germination within about 2 weeks. I removed the husks around the seed, as the husk contains seed inhibitor and seems to attract fungus like crazy. After removing the husk, I soaked the seed in a90%water 10% bleach solution for about half an hour then soaked the seeds in an ambient temp bath of water for about 3-4 days. I then shook the seeds in a baggie with about 6 different kinds of fungicide, such as benomyl, and therium etc. and placed the seeds on top of a Sterile medium of 50% peat and 50% perlite mix within a clean plastic container that had a sealed top - very important that the lid seals to avoid rotten fungus gnats. Set the container on my dresser in my bedroom and just left it there. Huge germination. I you like to transplant the seeds after they have germinated, with this species, I STRONGLY recommend that you wait until the seeds have got the green shoot of the first leaf emerging before transplanting them. I lost a whole whack of them because I transplanted them too soon. This tree seems kind of picky about it's soil medium and seems to prefer a lighter medium such as peat perilite etc. as opposed to a heavier medium such as gardening soil, at least in it's seedling stage. VERY important to not let these seedlings dry out.
Submitted on 01/09/2003 by Jody Dziuba zayin31@netscape.net

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
This palm germinates well at temperatures around 20C. In my experience they all sprout at about the same time. This species and T. latisectus have a substantial taproot and must be handled carefully when transplanting. Seedlings of the Khasia Hills form seemed much easier for me to grow on than those of the Nepal form, being much less finnicly about soil consistency and moisture; but some further experimenting would be necessary to tell whether that information is substantial.
Submitted on 01/08/2002 by Ian Barclay deus_vobiscum@hotmail.com

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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