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Trachycarpus oreophilus (Naga Hills / Manipur)

Saramati Palm

A very exciting new discovery that comes from the most remote corner of India, the northeastern states of Nagaland and Manipur and from neighboring Burma, where it grows on grassy or rocky slopes to around 2000 m (6500 ft.) in altitude. It is likely that this is the same palm that Frank Kingdon Ward wrote about in his 1952 book Plant Hunter in Manipur: "I had hoped to get an uninterrupted view into Burma from the top, besides a close-up of the palm trees, which were almost the only trees growing on the naked sandstone. They grew isolated or in small clumps and rows, stiffly, often leaning far over the edge, and had a curiously unfinished appearance, as though they had been left over and forgotten from an earlier geological age". While the palm apparently shares some characteristics with the Chinese Trachycarpus princeps, it is certainly not identical with that species. Its leaflets are more numerous and not as white below, the petioles more sturdy and not blue, and overall it is coarser than T. princeps. Even though it has recently been described as a new species, T. ukhrulensis, its features are poorly distinguishable from those of T. oreophilus from Thailand, and the two are likely one and the same species. It is a very promising and quite cold tolerant though slow growing palm that is best suited to temperate climates. Surely it will have a bright future in cultivation.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Very easy! Seeds were soaked for 24 hours before placing in ziplock bag in just moist compost at room temperature. 100% germination in approx 1 month.
Submitted on 11/06/2011 by Ben

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I really don't remember exactly how long it took for them to sprout, but I bought 1,000 seeds and because of the large number I did not remove any of the seed coat at all. The seeds were soaked for a few hours in hydrogen peroxide and then soaked in warm water for a few days, changing the water a few times a day. I put them all in two seperate one gallon zip-lock bags with slightly moist peat and mixed the seeds with them. I kept them at regular room temperature (about 72*F). I got absolutely none to germinate for quite some time and my fortueni seeds germinated well within that time frame. I had started to think that they were not any good and then I saw a few had started to put out roots. Probably within two or three weeks I had about 90% germinate (the remaining seeds were put into a community pot with some of the last to germinate) and they probably came very close to 100% germination.
Submitted on 29/11/2007 by Rob Garren robgarren@hotmail.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
ordered 20 fresh seeds from rarepalmseeds in may 2004. The seeds arrived 5.june and sown the same day in sphagnum moss and perlite 50/50 ratio, temperature was 60-70°F (15-20°C). First four seeds germinated in 40 days and continued for 50 days.
Submitted on 27/08/2004 by Jon Agust Erlingsson johnny13@torg.is

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
When I received the seeds they appeared to be dry so I soaked them in water for three days, changing the water each day. I then mechanically removed pericarp whith my fingernail. (this includes the bluish black layer and the fiberous layer underneath. The seed coat is reddish brown in color) I soaked them in a 10% solution of bleach and water for about 10 minutes to sterilize them. I placed them in sealable plastic bags with slightly damp vermiculite (one liter of vermiculite and 60-75 ml water). I placed them in the closet on the second floor where the temp. remains 25-30 degrees C. day and night. about 40% germination after 2 weeks and 80-90% after one month
Submitted on 02/08/2004 by Patrick Jacklin prjacklin@telus.net

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
This palm is especially easy to germinate. First I soaked the seeds in water for two days and then removed the outer papery layer on the seeds by gently scraping it off and using sandpaper when needed. After the papery shell was removed, they were soaked again for one day in water. Then, they were germinated in a small plastic sandwich bag filled with a mixture of 1/2 peat moss and 1/2 perlite. Dampen the soil but be sure not to make it too wet. Place in a warm place around 80F degrees. Expect germination within three weeks. Remove them from the plastic bag as they germinate and place them in small deep pots. It couldn't be easier!
Submitted on 18/05/2004 by Austin Lovenstein collegealgebra@hotmail.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I soaked the seed in tepid water for 48 hours, cleaned of the outer skin and dried them with a paper towel. I used the usual baggie method with slightly damp multi purpose compost with 1/4 Perlite. The seed was placed just under the surface and the bags put in a cardboard box. Temp was around 20c. Germination occured within 3 weeks.
Submitted on 11/02/2004 by one of our visitors

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

... are of excellent ornamental value
In Northern Coastal Mountains of California in USA they need average care and grow normal.
My 100 or so 1 year old seedlings(1 strap leaf) survived their first winter just fine in a very cold, and at times icy greenhouse last winter(zone7b-8a). Along side other trachy seedlings they did as well as T.fortunei, and survived better than the less hardy species of Trachycarpus.
Submitted on 25/12/2007 by Kyle

win € 75 worth of seeds
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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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