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Trachycarpus fortunei (Naini Tal)

Chusan Palm

A visibly robust and cold hardy cultivar of the Chusan palm that was introduced from China to the Himalayan town of Naini Tal and elsewhere in northern India in the nineteenth century, perhaps by Robert Fortune himself. In the 1990's, seeds from this cultivar have been widely distributed as T. takil, which grows wild in the same general area but is a clearly distinct species.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
these nani tal seeds will germinate and grow the same as t.wagnesianus, t. fortunei but they should have the additional phenotype characteristics as described. Of my 1 pack was lucky to get 2 to grow.
Submitted on 05/07/2012 by anton philipp

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
The germination time is as quick as a couple weeks with some seeds germinating up to a year later. But, most of the seeds will germinate quickly. I soak the seeds for at least 5 days, changing the water each day. For best results, I plant the seeds in the ground and place a mini-polytunnel over the top (just some plastic sheeting held up with plastic tubing). Or, I plant the seed in plastic boxes with a lid. I don't apply any artificial heating; just what the sun supplies.
Submitted on 19/02/2012 by Chris Passerello

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Germinating them is pretty easy. I cleaned the seeds and soaked in 48hrs in luke warm water, changing it every 12hrs or so. Then I prepared plastic see-thru box, filled it with moist coco peat & perlite mix (3:1). Why was it see-thru? 'Cause I could see how many of them is germinating when roots appeared. The seeds were put just under the surface and covered with thin layer of soil. Then the box was sealed and put in a dark place in room temperature. Trachycarpus seeds don't like too much heat. All you need to do is open the box from time to time and check if the soil is still moist. Don't let it dry out because the seeds might die! Final step: be patient and you will be rewarded :)
Submitted on 28/04/2010 by marcel

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
These are so easy to germinaate that I just plant them in community pots and put them in my unheated greenhouse. It doesn't seem to matter what time of year. They sprout quicker in spring than in the dead of winter, but they do sprout. For soil, I use a mixture of 2 parts coir, 2 parts peat-free compost, and 1 part sand. These are even easier to grow than the regular Trachycarpus fortunei.
Submitted on 22/04/2010 by Chris Passerello (North Yorkshire, UK)

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Rec'd 1000 Trachycarpus fortunei (Naini Tal) seeds in May 2009. I used the baggie germination method,keeping the seeds at room temp. I saw sprouts in about 2-3 weeks. Germination rate was about 80-90%7-8 months later the seedlings are approx 4-6 inchest tall.
Submitted on 03/01/2010 by Mike Rivers

... are easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Thouth seeds needs up to 3 months to germinated but the germination period can be reduced if fungicide treated seeds are mixed with mixture of coconut husk and peat, wrapped in cotton cloth and buried in pile of cow dung manure for 7-10 days. After that they are put on germination medium treated with fungicides and they started sprouting 25- 30 days.
Submitted on 09/03/2008 by B.S/ Kholia bskholia_bsi@yahoo.co.in

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I started by soaking 10 takil seeds in a cup of room-temperature water for three days. At that point, the outer fribrous husk had become softened. I then used a dull knife to gently scrape away all of this pulp, revealing the seed below.The seeds were then planted in expanded Jiffy peat pellets about a quarter of an inch below the surface. The pellets then went into their accompanying Jiffy plastic container with lid. The container was kept at room-temperature and watered when the pellets appeared somewhat dry (which turned out to be about every 10 days or so). After 6 weeks, two of the seeds had sprouted and were transplanted. The remaining 8 showed no signs of germination. I did have a few minor problems with mold, but both of the germinated seeds appeared unphased by it.
Submitted on 26/05/2005 by Josh Rhoderick rhoderickj@hotmail.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
80% germination rate. grow quite fast and are easy to treat like trachycarpus fortunei.
Submitted on 01/03/2004 by one of our visitors

...difficult to germinate and need more than 1 year to sprout.
3/20 Soaked and sowed on damp peat @ 20 degrees C => one germinated quickly and is now ( over one year later ) a robust seedling. Two more seed made half-hearted attempts at germination over the next 6 months, but came to nothing. Allowed to dry out, overwintered at around 10 degrees C. First dry then damp for a month before placed at 20 degrees C => two germinated within one month. Difficult to break dormancy perhaps?
Submitted on 06/05/2002 by John Hawkins john.hawkins@blechnum.net

...easy to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
high temperatures do speed up germination.
Submitted on 11/06/2002 by tony manzella tony_manzella@yahoo.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
This palm germinates well at temperatures around 15-20C. Most will sprout within a couple months but some will sprout sporadically later. They are generally trouble free.
Submitted on 01/08/2002 by Ian Barclay deus_vobiscum@hotmail.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I placed the seeds in a plastic bag with moistened Palm fibre. I set them in my office near the heat register but not on it.My office raises to 70 F in the day and drops to 65 F at night. In 3 months about 75% had germinated. I set out all of the plantlets into pots. I dumped the rest of the palm fibre in the compost pile. I had palms sprouting out of the pile for the next 6 months. I think that this is an easy palm to sprout from seed.
Submitted on 22/04/2002 by one of our visitors

...difficult to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
My results were somewhat mixed. Some seeds germinated in a few weeks, and others have done nothing for 6 months. About 15% sprouted in 3 months. I have an unheated greenhouse, and the seedlings mostly survived some cold periods that dropped down to 15 degrees F.
Submitted on 11/03/2002 by one of our visitors

...difficult to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
Of all 10 seeds of Tr Takil, 7 seeds germinated within 4 months; after 1 year only 3 save survived under protective environment (winter: coldest was 10°C).Trachycarpus in general tends to be very vulnerable to fungus, both seeds and young plants
Submitted on 03/03/2002 by Henk hsloesen@hetnet.nl

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
This species seems to need a very humid but cold enviroment to germinate. 18 degrees C showed the best results. Although it is a bit slower than fortunei and wagnerianus in germination , the seedlings grow faster than the 'cousin' plants.
Submitted on 26/02/2002 by Marian Kubes maros@ltc.sk

...easy to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
the germination of my seeds took 4 months. I put them in a pot with sand and watered every day or more. Cold weather slows down the process. One technique for germinating takils is getting a butter knife and scraping and peeling the thin layer of hardbrown skin that is on the seed. If one sees the white center of the seed they have probably overdone it. It was a relatively easy process.
Submitted on 23/02/2002 by Tony Manzella tony_manzella

...difficult to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
Difficult to germinate.Out of 10 seeds 1 have germinated after 9 months.
Submitted on 13/02/2002 by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I sprouted mine in disposable food containers in my basement and had excellent results. I believe that high temperatures inhibit germination. I used a mixture of course peat, small particle charcoal, and perlite which I sterilized in the microwave. The seeds were soaked in a dilute captan solution before they were added to the container, but some fungal growth occurred anyway. In any event, I attribute no losses to the presence of the fungus. I highly recommend this as a seed for new enthusiasts.
Submitted on 07/02/2002 by one of our visitors

...difficult to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I bought 30 seeds and not one has sprouted after 2 months on top of my fridge in a baggie! I soaked them for three days before planting and changed the water every day.
Submitted by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I germinate T.Takil almost as easily as T.Fortunei. A pre-requisite is that you have to clean the seeds very well and remove everything from the endocarpe. Then use the zip-bag methode (with 75% cocos-peat and 25% coarse sand) and put the bag in a dark room.Very important is that the best germination results are at ambient temperature and not too warm/hot. I germinate them within 1 month at +/- 20 degrees Celsius and even lower. Above 25 degrees Celsius they will germinate very bad. This story is also true for Chamearops Humilis!!
Submitted by Herb Rikers (Netherlands) herb.rikers@wxs.nl

...difficult to germinate and need up to 1 year to sprout.
From seven seeds three sprouted after three months. The others not yet after 9 months.
Submitted by Klaus Menzel menzel_klaus@web.de

...difficult to germinate and need more than 1 year to sprout.
I bought them at an other palm seed dealer in august 01,no germination now 5 month later. In opposite to Trachycarpus fortunei no problem with fungus or rotting.Germination at elevated room temperature (25°C) used Kokohum slightly moist.I'm not convinced that they will germinate anymore.
Submitted by Jens JensBluetling@onlinehome.de

...very difficult to germinate and need more than 1 year to sprout.
no results till now for many years
Submitted by Joerg Schumann info@palms.de

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

... are of high ornamental value
In Gent in Belgium they need average care and grow fast.
We live in belgium where we have a cold temperate climate (zone 8a in USA).Our soil is sandy, and we have enough rain in winter and summer. Sometimes we have drie periods in summer and then we irrigate the palms.In winter the temperature may go as low as -17 degrees C.Our trachys have been planted outside for 11 years now. Their stem is now 3m high.When they were planted they had a stem of 50cm and were 6 years old.In winter we give no protection to the trees and the damage is minimal. When the temperature goes as low as -15 degrees C the leaves will be damaged but the palm will recover in spring. Smaller plants can lose their new leaves to fungus and frost and some might even die, but this only happns in the coldest winters.The palms grow in full sun in our garden. The palms that are exposed to a lot off wind will have the most damage after winter.There is a lot of difference between the individual trees. Some are not damaged by severe frost and others have severe leaf- damage.We have male and female palms in our garden that produce seeds.The seedlings that grow in our garden are very hardy and are not damaged during winter. Hopefully they will be even more hardy than their parents.
Submitted on 12/09/2013 by Jan Franck

win € 75 worth of seeds
by writing a plant cultivation comment about how to cultivate the plants of this species. Click here!

If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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