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Trachycarpus wagnerianus

"Waggie" or Miniature Chusan Palm

Trachycarpus wagnerianus is the VERY BEST Trachycarpus for general cultivation. Its many attributes include the following:

• Small and very stiff leaves - only about 60cm (24in) across - and compact habit
• Jaunty and charming appearance from a very early age.
• Young plants have a gorgeous, bonsai-like appearance with enormous customer-appeal!
• Ideal for the smaller garden, and for container use
• Adaptable to all kinds of climates, from cold temperate to dry tropical
• Great cold tolerance, down to -17°C (1°F)
• Great tolerance of wind, the major enemy of T. fortunei
• The perfect choice for coastal situations
• Easy germination: should be at least 95% at room temperature
tolerant of transplant at any size with zero set-back and practically no leaf loss
• Speed of growth: once in the ground it can grow more than 30cm/1ft of trunk per year
• Excellent resistance to all kinds of diseases and pests

Trachycarpus wagnerianus will grow almost anywhere. The toughest one we have seen grows in Iceland (!), and the most tropical ones grow in Costa Rica. In both places they were doing great.
We are 100% convinced that it will replace T. fortunei if it has a chance to become more widely available.
It is not known in the wild, only in cultivation, and Japan is generally considered to be its native country. Seeds have never been available in any quantity before, but we have managed to obtain the best and purest Japanese T. wagnerianus available. Grab this chance to be amongst the first to offer plants of Trachycarpus wagnerianus to your clients!

Americans please note: This plant is often incorrectly referred to as 'T. takil', especially on the West Coast. T. takil is in fact a much bigger palm, bigger even than T. fortunei. Trachycarpus wagnerianus is the small, stiff-leafed Trachycarpus.

(read all testimonials here)

germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Seed planted in a ziplock bag in damp peat moss on Feb 26th. Sprouted in less than two weeks on March 10th.Bag was kept outdoors in the shade, temperatures at night from 15 - 18C and day time 18 - 25C.
Submitted on 10/03/2013 by Janet Ready

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
After receiving the seeds I filled the plastic bag they came in with water and let soak for 3 days. 50% germinated during that time, so I sowed all in a community pot with potting soil, and am waiting for them to send up shoots.
Submitted on 01/03/2010 by Martin Farris

... are average to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Seeds were cleaned and soaked for a week, then planted in potting mix and placed on bottom heat. Seedlings began appearing after 50-60 days, still appearing after 6 months.
Submitted on 28/06/2009 by Eric U.

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
This info is for those who are wondering if this temperate palm will germinate in tropics, yes it will! However expect 50% with the strongest seeds coming on. I had 2 batches of 10 sds each and both yielded the same result. They were sown in a commercial soil mix and sown in a clear plastic box after 5 days of soaking and place in the coolest part of my house which is on the floor under my aquariums. 1st ones sprouted in 27 days and the rest followed within 2 weeks. After that all was quiet! The remaining seeds were still good so I left them in the box. Subsequent growth is average and now after 3 mths, they have a second leaf. It will be interesting to see how they grow in the future.
Submitted on 27/07/2008 by Tog Tan, Malaysia

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I sowed 18 seed on 27th Sept 2004 in two large pots after a few days soak in warm water. I always use a free draining but moisture retentive river soil/moss peat/leafy compost. These were placed in an unheated propogator in a sunny greenhouse for the Autumn till end October, then brought indoors and put in my side of fire warm cupboard still in the pots, with plastic bags over. The pot nearest the heating pump germinated first with 3 all on one side 3 months from sowing, other pot had 4 more spread shortly after. Some have rotted, at least 3 still good but may not germinate, I am satisfied wiith 7 out of 18. In England, Z8-9
Submitted on 18/02/2005 by Janet Rowley garymitsi@aol.com

...difficult to germinate and need up to 1 year to sprout.
It took over 6 months for my T. wagnerians to germenate. I started with ten seeds and only one germinated after this amount of time. I am hoping the seedling makes it.
Submitted on 29/01/2005 by one of our visitors

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
soaked in water for three days changing the water each day. Removed pericarp and sterilized in 10% bleach and water solution for 10 minutes. sealed them in plasitic bags with lightly damp vermiculite. placed them where the temp remains 25-30 C received 50% germination within one month
Submitted on 02/08/2004 by patrick Jacklin prjacklin@telus.net

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Slower growing than T. fortunei as a seedling, but worth it. Seeds were soaked in demineralised water for two days prior to sowing in cocofibre. Germination was rapid at 25C (77F), 30C (86F) was less successful, with some seeds starting to rot. Extremely pretty!
Submitted on 25/01/2004 by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
hard to stop them, nearly everyone germinated and they grew away well. I used baggy method of slightly damp compost left in a dark box in a cool room.
Submitted on 15/01/2004 by one of our visitors

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Easy to grow in British Columbia, Canada.
Submitted on 15/07/2003 by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Germinate as easily than T. Fortunei but are more sensitive to fungus.soak 2 days in water at room temperature and place in zip lock bag or in classic germination bag with 1/3 sand 1/3 peat and 1/3 perlite.
Submitted on 06/05/2003 by Philippe C. trachycarpus@swing.be

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Fresh seeds are the key to success. I placed seeds in a germination tray filled with peat. I kep it slightly moist by misting every couple of days. Seeds began germinating in three weeks with temperatures in the 80's.
Submitted on 17/03/2003 by one of our visitors

...not rated.
seeds soaked in water over night and fruitflesh was pealed off. the seeds were put in ziplockbags with moist coconutpeat and vermaculite and stored at roomtemp. 60% of the seeds germinated within 9 days and another 30% within another 10 days.
Submitted on 03/03/2003 by andy andyolsson@home.se

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Seeds as recieved were soaked over night in tap water. I germinated these seeds in large plastic tubs made by Strerilite measuring 23 by 17 inches. The seeds were placed on a 2 inch thick bed of moist sphagnum moss. I cut a piece of shade cloth to fit inside the tubs and placed it over the seeds. I then covered the seeds and cloth with another inch of moist moss. (this makes it easy to inspect the seeds by just lifting off the cloth and top layer of moss). The seeds were placed in a room at a constant 75 degree's F. After one week, they began to germinate, after four weeks they were germinating explosively! A "TZ" test on a sample of the 10,000 seeds purchased revealed that a germination rate of 94% was possible. I fully expect to see this high rate using this method. A maintenance spray of a copper based fungicide was used as needed. The germinated seeds were removed when showing a root 1/2 to 1 inch long. I placed them in a community bed of soil 6 inches deep to continue growing.
Submitted on 05/06/2002 by Jim Murphy mursago@aol.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Soaked in room temp. water for 48 hours. Placed in moist peat in zip-lock bags, as per your instructions. Stored on TV in living room, 4 feet off floor, and out of direct sunlight. Avg. room temp. was 71F. First sprouts noted 24 days after sowing. Good germination rate.
Submitted on 30/03/2002 by Daniel Schilling schilling3@hotmail.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
The seeds sprouted in 18 days in a peat moss and perlite mixture at ambient indoor conditions (65-78 degrees)in covered plastic containers.
Submitted on 08/02/2002 by James Chambers chambejf@songs.sce.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
i agrre with other comments, this is a very easy species, but I have also found that high heat doesn't affect the result. In greenhouse, where they were sown it was 38°-42°C
Submitted by Angelo Porcelli angelopalm69@inwind.it

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
very easy germination in sphagnum moss
Submitted by Joerg Schumann info@palms.de

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I thought they were really more slow germinators. Easy and straightforward, shoos come 20-30 days after germinating. Very nice frm the very first start...
Submitted by Josˇ M. Zerolo ea8ck@inicia.es

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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