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Wodyetia bifurcata

Foxtail Palm

Certainly one of today's most popular and fascinating ornamental palms, this species was discovered as recently as the early eighties. Despite its recent discovery almost everyone in the palm world is familiar with this beautiful, but at the same time tough and adaptable palm. The Foxtail Palm grows a solitary, smooth, slightly spindle-shaped trunk that supports a full crown of the most beautiful, densely plumose fronds. It will grow successfully in all warm temperate and tropical climates and will even tolerate some light frost. We sell only the best, premium quality seeds, promising over 90% germination, at a very competivive price.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Warm climate during our summer months on the humid east coast of South Africa with average daily temps of 23 degrees. I planted seed on river sand with good drainage holes in black pots. May have transplanted them a bit early but 1 year later looking healthy with 4 leaves. Germination around 80%.
Submitted on 15/12/2011 by Gareth Sparg

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Collected about 20 seeds from mature trees. Removed pulp on about half of them, but it is very labor intensive and not needed. I let them dry out for a few weeks, and planted in potting mix and left them alone. They sprouted all at the same time at about 2-3 months. About 100% germination.
Submitted on 12/02/2010 by one of our visitors

... are easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I soaked the very fresh seeds in water for 24 hours , at 30 C, then it was planted in the ground, in full sun. 2 months after the first sprout appeared. My results were 100%
Submitted on 22/09/2007 by min zuritay@hotmail.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
i first started with very fresh seed i soaked for two days in warm water to saturate the fruit of the 300 seeds then put all into a mesh laundry bag and ran it thru mu washing machine for 3 cycles with hot water and one cycle with 10 percent bleach to clean all seeds perfect then into a mixture of 50/50 peat moss,perlite ths was placed into a large sterile cooler i had seeds were half buried then misted once a week with water. temps between 70 to 90 degrees after 2 months 90 percent germination (this seed cleaning method works very well with most seeds that needs the fruit cleaned rather then by hand)good luck!!!
Submitted on 29/06/2005 by dale rf0222@hotmail.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Last summer around April 2004 I started to germinate and later planted Wodyetia Bifurcata seeds. Also on 6/27/04 I entered my comments on this web site of my experiences thus far. I've had so much success that now my inventory exceeds 10,000 plants. I also have Adonidia Mirelli, Vechia Mirelli, Teddy Bear Palm, Madagascar Palm and others in smaller quantities. I want to thank again this comment section of the web site for it educates through the comments and experiences of others.
Submitted on 14/11/2005 by Ramon F. Luaces luacesm@adelphia.net

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
I recieved 10 seeds and soaked for 48hrs in a constant 90 degrees f. I then began to take the advice of another writer and removed the hard endocarp with a pair of needle nose and became nervous when it put a little crack in it.To the point where I could see a little of the flesh inside. This seemed a little risky so I only did it to one.I placed all the seeds in 20oz styrofaom cups and buried half way in 50/50 peat perlite. I placed them under a heat lamp and the temp would range from 90 to 110 degrees f.Much to my suprise in 3 weeks the one I removed the endocarp germinated.One week later 4 more had germated time will tell on the rest.
Submitted on 13/03/2005 by dwphoe dwphoe@sbcglobal.net

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Soaked in tap water with littl fungicide for 15days, and planted in moist pit in clear plastic container in 25-30c, Germinated in 20 days 85%.
Submitted on 19/12/2004 by Hamad Alfalasi Hmalfalasi@gmail.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I purchased some Wodyetia bifurcata seeds and placed them in some ziplock baggies with some spagnum moss purcased at Home Depot and placed them in my attic where the temperatures exceeded 100 degrees I found the more the heat the better.They started to germinate at 5 weeks.Hope this information is helpfull in any way. Orlando, Florida
Submitted on 30/06/2004 by JUAN fERNANDEZ ferarro236@earthlink.net

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I started to germinate Wodyetia bifurcata seeds in April 2004. The first 1150 seeds are starting to sprout already. They need to be moist all the time in a well drained soil mix. A green house or shade house envirornment is ideal. I use 33% perlite/peat moss/sand. I'm planting the seeds in trays that hold 38 seeds each. These trays are ideal for they are deep (approx 5"). It is working very well. My goal is to develope several different kinds of rare palms, for example Purple king palm, Orange crownshaft palm, lipstick palm, teddy bear palm. It is comment sections like this one that started me into this hobby and guide me through the steps. Thank you.
Submitted on 27/06/2004 by Ramon F. Luaces luacesm@bellsouth.net

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
i prepare a mixture of hull hull and soil 50/50% and sat it in a concrete cement under full sunlight. Watered it and covered it with plastic sheet. I soaked the seeds for 3 days. Placed the soak seeds in the mixture and covered the seeds with 2 inches of the mixture and coverred it with plastic sheet. I check the moisture every week to see if the meduim is not drying out. In 2 weeks the seeds has germinated. In one month i have planted them in individyual pots
Submitted on 13/05/2004 by Gloria B. Karganilla glokarga@yahoo.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Seeds soaked for one week in tap water changed every other day. Sowed in a sealed freezer bag with peat moss wetted with a Captan fungicide solution that was placed outside in shade. Outside temperatures ranged from 70 F (21 C) at night to 90 F (32 C) during the daytime. 100% germination in 30 days. Germination of all seeds was virtually simultaneous.
Submitted on 19/06/2004 by Don Truman truman@icsi.net

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
This is a very easy palm to germinate! Fisrt soak the seeds for a couple of days. Then dip in a bleach solution(10%bleach 90%water). Next you need to remove the excess shell to expose the embryo cap. I used sterile wire cuters(the shell is very tough). After the cap is exposed take a sterile knife(carpenters knife) and gently scrape away the cap. Then place the the seeds in a growing medium(I used vermiculite) cover the container and heat from the bottom(75-85F). In about 3 to 4 days the tap root will emerge and place in a deep covered container(I use 3 parts peat moss 1 part vermiculite). Seedlings emerged as soon as one month and up to 2 months. Remember not to over water and slowly expose the plant to shaded light so as not to burn the plant. Finally fertilize once a month with a fertilizer enriched with microelements, magnesium and calcium. Have fun growing this beautiful Palm Tree
Submitted on 06/01/2004 by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 year to sprout.
Seeds are relatively huge, 1 x 1 1/2", dark brown, with an interesting texture. Because of the size I planted in 4" plastic pots, 1 seed per pot, pot within a plastic bag and kept next to a heating outlet or near some other intermittent heat source. Even with this indifferent care success rate was 90 %. 1st seed emerged 4 months later, others germinating upwards of a year. Considering the size of the seed, plants grow relatively slowly under fluorescent lights.
Submitted on 01/03/2003 by Steve Flynn sflynn22@mac.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Easy to germinate using bottom heat. High success rate, and fast germination.
Submitted on 23/12/2002 by Van vandringar@hotmail.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Very easy to germinate. First seeds started germinating in less than 2 weeks, by 12 days 23 out of 100 have sprouted. Started in clear food containers on damp paper towel. I placed the seeds with the point up and seeds on the end, at a slight angle. I then placed them in my warming oven and checked every couple of days. At 12 days I moved all seeds to damp soil in clear plastic food containers and laid on side, 1/2 in soil. At that time I discovered that they had started sprouting.I had not noticed before since I thought they would sprout out of the pointed end. Each day at least 10 new ones have sprouted.I beleive that the paper towel was not staying consistantly damp and may have been drying out in spots. That is why I moved to the damp soil mix.
Submitted on 11/11/2002 by Leatha Ruchty leathap2@cs.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
These little creatures as soon sas they have warm conditions [25oc] and more plus water every 3 days, they grow.....! athens,Greece.
Submitted on 03/03/2002 by one of our visitors

...very easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Sixteen seeds, very fresh, first soaked in very warm water for two days, then sown in a 50/50 perlite-peat moss substrate, late August 2001. Seeds were laid on top of the medium and pressed down leaving approximately 1/4 of the seed exposed to air. Seeds and medium were contained in a 4 in. / 9 cm plastic hot food container with a clear lid. Heat was maintained with a 20 gal / 80L sized electric reptile heating pad, and temperatures were as high as 108F / 42C. Moisture was maintained by sprinkling tap water over the medium from time to time as it dried out. First seed began to germinate in about four weeks. Most of the rest germinated as a group from five to seven weeks after sowing. The last to germinate was approximately 14 weeks after sowing. Only one has yet to germinate. Since this palm produces deep roots, the seeds were transplanted to 1 gal / 4L containers once the seedling root was several inches/cm's long.
Submitted by Jason C. Skelly Skellsbells@aol.com

win € 50 worth of seeds
by writing a germination comment about how to germinate the seeds of this species. Click here!

plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

... are of excellent ornamental value
In Bradenton, Fl in USA they need average care and grow fast.
These are very good plants for Florida and Hawaii, and other subtropical/tropical areas. They are very pretty, much less finicky about soil than the Queen palm, self cleaning, drought tolerant, and able to withstand high winds. They eventually grow very tall, but take a long time to get to maximum height. They are hardy to about zone 9b, but in bad winters they will brown a little unless you are zone 10a. They grow back out of it pretty quickly though, very recommended.
Submitted on 12/02/2010 by one of our visitors

... are of excellent ornamental value
In north eastern Florida in USA they need average care and grow fast.
This is the first palm seed I ever germinated. Along with being very easy to germinate, these trees are so beautiful and fun to grow. I grew three from seed, and have since purchased 2 more (about 4 feet ). I have them in full sun, and they need regular waterings. These beautiful trees seem to get lots of attention. Everyone coming to my yard comments on them. Fertilize them reguarly with a plam specific fertilizer and they produce 4-6 new leaves each year.
Submitted on 16/01/2007 by one of our visitors

... are of excellent ornamental value
In Hawaii in USA they need average care and grow fast.
We live on the ocean on Hawaii's Big Island, in an area with wicked winds and salt spray as heavy as rain. Huge waves crash against a 20 foot tall vertical cliff, and high winds send salt spray rain all over our large [.6 acre] yard. Although this tree is not recommended by the "experts" for our area or conditions, it does beautifully. None of the neighbors' or our trees are planted on the ocean side of the house, however. The closest tree is about 100 yards from the ocean and partially sheltered by a house. Others that are 125 yards from the ocean are not sheltered at all yet do extremely well. Wodyetia bifurcata astonishes by growing in cinder soil [volcanic cinders mixed with topsoil]laid atop a solid lava flow. In our volcanic area, there is no soil whatsoever and few people have laid down more than 2 feet depth of cinder soil atop the seemingly impenetrable lava flow. Our next door neighbor's 5 trees were just plunked into the 24 inch cinder soil with minimal water and fertilizer [according to them] and after 5 years look excellent, tall, straight, green, full and regal with minimal salt burn on only the oldest fronds. Ours were planted as 8 foot tall trees and have been in the ground seven months and receive very attentive care, including drip irrigation. They are thriving despite monthly storms with high winds and thick salt spray.
Submitted on 03/01/2006 by Richard Sullivan richard@discoveringhawaii.com

win € 75 worth of seeds
by writing a plant cultivation comment about how to cultivate the plants of this species. Click here!

If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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